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Формирование четвертой промышленной революции

ЖЕНЕВА – Из множества проблем, с которыми сталкивается сегодняшний мир, пожалуй самой подавляющей является вопрос того, как стоит формировать четвертую промышленную революцию, которая началась на рубеже веков. Новые технологии и подходы объединяют физические, цифровые и биологические миры в пути, который будет фундаментально преобразовывать человечество. В какой степени эта трансформация является положительной будет зависеть от того, как мы будем управлять рисками и возможностями возникающими на этом пути.

Четвертая промышленная революция основывается на третьей промышленной революции, также известной как цифровой революцией, которая повлекла за собой распространение компьютеров и автоматизации делопроизводства, но новая волна трансформации отличается от своих предшественников в нескольких ключевых направлениях. Во-первых, инновации могут быть разработаны и распространены быстрее, чем когда-либо. Во-вторых, падение издержек от производства и рост платформ, которые агрегируют и сконцентрируют деятельность в нескольких секторах увеличивают эффект масштаба производства. В-третьих, эта глобальная революция затронет и будет сформирована всеми странами, а также будет иметь последствия на системном уровне во многих областях.

Четвертая промышленная революция имеет потенциал для расширения возможностей отдельных лиц и общин, так как она создает новые возможности для экономического, социального и личностного развития. Но она также может привести к маргинализации некоторых групп, усугублению неравенства, созданию новых рисков для безопасности и подрыву человеческих отношений.

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