Industrial chimneys.

Безумие ископаемого топлива

БЕРЛИН – Если мир хочет избежать климатической катастрофы, ему придётся отказаться от сжигания почти 90% разведанных запасов угля, одной трети нефти и половины природного газа. Но вместо того, чтобы реализовывать политику, направленную на достижение этой цели, правительства по-прежнему продолжают не только субсидировать промышленность ископаемого топлива, но и использовать скудные государственные ресурсы, чтобы находить новые резервы. Это должно быстро измениться.

В рамках усилий помочь этому прогрессу, Фонд Генриха Белля и Международная экологическая организация «Друзья Земли» собрали ключевые данные об угольной промышленности в недавно опубликованном досье под названием Coal Atlas. Цифры поражают.

По данным Международного Валютного Фонда, субсидии (после уплаты налогов) на закупку угля, которые включают в себя и экологический ущерб, составили 3,9 % мирового ВВП в этом году. По оценкам, правительства Большой Двадцатки тратят $88 млрд в год на субсидии для добычи ископаемых видов топлива. И в недавнем докладе Совета по защите природных ресурсов, организации Oil Change International и Всемирного Фонда Природы было обнаружено, что с 2007 г. по 2014 г. правительства потратили более $73 млрд, или более $9 млрд в год – общественных сбережений на угольные проекты. Лидерами были Япония ($20 млрд), Китай (около $15 млрд), Южная Корея ($7 млрд) и Германия ($6,8 млрд).

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