Industrial chimneys.

Fossiele brandstof verdwazing

BERLIJN – Als de wereld een klimaatcatastrofe wil vermijden zal deze moeten afzien van het verbranden van bijna 90% van zijn bewezen kolenreserves, plus een derde van de olie en de helft van alle gasreserves. Maar in plaats beleid door te voeren dat gericht is op het verwezenlijken van dit doel, blijven regeringen niet alleen de fossiele brandstoffenindustrie subsidiëren, maar ze gaan ook door met het gebruiken van schaarse publieke hulpbronnen om nieuwe reserves te vinden. Dit moet veranderen, en snel.

In een poging deze verandering te versnellen hebben de Heinrich Böll Stichting en Friends of the Earth International cruciale data over de kolenindustrie verzameld in de net verschenen Kolenatlas. De cijfers zijn frappant.

Volgens het Internationaal Monetair Fonds bereikten de subsidies voor kolen (inclusief milieuschade) dit jaar 3,9% van het mondiale bbp na belastingen. Van de regeringen van de G-20 wordt geschat dat ze 88 miljard dollar per jaar besteden aan exploratiesubsidies voor nieuwe fossiele brandstoffen. En een recent rapport door de Natural Defense Council, Oil Change International, en het Wereldnatuurfonds onthulde dat van 2007 tot 2014, overheden meer dan 73 miljard dollar – ofwel meer dan 9 miljard per jaar – publiek geld richting kolenprojecten dirigeerden. Voorop hierin liepen Japan (20 miljard doller), China (rond de 15 miljard dollar), Zuid-Korea (7 miljard dollar), en Duitsland (6,8 miljard dollar).

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