flint water protests Bill Pugliano/ Stringer via getty images

当民主辜负人民的期望

纽约——民主国家不会爆发饥荒是诺贝尔奖得主阿马蒂亚·森的名言,因为负责任的政府会尽一切可能避免发生大规模饥荒。同样的道理也适用于清洁饮水;像粮食一样,清洁饮水也是我们生存和福祉所必不可少的资源。

但最近发生在美国的事件令人失望地凸显了上述名言的局限性,证明民主国家可以如何辜负他们本应为之服务的民众。2014年,密歇根州弗林特市政府停止从底特律购水,并开始从临近的河流中采水使用。成本问题驱动了上述决定。民众对饮水质量的担忧遭到了漠视。

结果是河水腐蚀了这座城市已经老化的水管;流出龙头的自来水可能含有高浓度的有毒铅金属。但这个问题似乎并未得到重视。即使在企业和医院宣布河水不适宜饮用并改用其他水源后,市、州两级政府仍然对此视而不见。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/hzhvnMC/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now