O nápravě MMF a Světové banky

CAMBRIDGE: Jako obvykle, Mezinárodní měnový fond a Světová banka si na závěr každoročního setkání ve Washingtonu vzájemně pogratulovaly k dosaženým úspěchům. Ovšem za všemi těmi sebe-gratulacemi panoval všeobecný pocit, že obě instituce na celé čáře zklamaly a obě vyžadují vskutku fundamentálních reforem.

Jisté reformy – třebaže pouze částečné – jsou již na dohled. Chudé země získaly pevný slib ještě rozsáhlejšího odpuštění a vymazání dluhů. Sám president Clinton ohlásil 100% zrušení amerických dluhů u těch nejchudších zemí. Rovněž MMF slíbil, že se napříště bude mnohem více starat o světovou chudobu. A bohaté země se zase dohodly na častějších a pravidelnějších setkáních s chudými zeměmi v nově zformované skupině nazvané G-20: kde je zastoupeno osm bohatých zemí, deset rozvojových zemí (především těch největších, jako je Brazílie, Čína, Indie a Jižní Afrika), plus jeden zástupce MMF/Světové banky a jeden zástupce Evropské unie.

Hlavním cílem práce skupiny G-20, jenž se v prosinci sejde na úrovni ministrů financích Berlíně, by měla být fundamentální náprava mezinárodních institucí. Většina z nich pracuje špatně a všechny do jedné je třeba vylepšit či zreformovat.

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