Chris Van Es

财政愚蠢还是财政谎言?

伯克利——眼下,全世界都在争论要不要巩固财政,其中有两种声音非常突出,但它们相互之间简直是鸡同鸭讲。

一边认定政府必须马上采取行动,收紧预算缰绳,削减赤字。他们说只有把公共财政置于牢固基础之上,才能确保金融市场的稳定。如果各国协同一致平衡预算,就能提振信心;如果信心恢复了,消费和投资都会相应复苏。

按照这种观点来看,削减赤字将会达到扩张经济的效果。为了证明这不仅仅是一种理论假设,巩固财政的支持者举出20世纪80年代前期的丹麦、80年代后期的爱尔兰和20世纪90年代的芬兰作为例证。

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