Skip to main content

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated Cookie policy, Privacy policy and Terms & Conditions

欧洲功能失调的增长契约

布鲁塞尔—最近,本年度欧盟预算的100亿欧元缺口被曝了光。结果,欧盟无法偿还成员国近期计划外支出,包括紧急支出(如意大利地震灾区援助)以及旨在提振经济增长和就业的支出(如未使用结构和凝聚基金(Structural and Cohesion Funds)的加速吸收)。成员国拒绝欧盟委员会增加出资弥补资金缺口的要求,导致明年预算谈判崩溃。

与此同时,2014—2020多年度财政框架(MFF,欧盟基金使用的中央规划工具)也由于在包括预算规模和支出组成等关键问题上的分歧而无法维持。决定被推迟到明年初。

这一状况凸显出欧盟预算在欧洲一体化进程中作用不清。尽管所有欧盟领导人都支持用预算来刺激经济增长,但行动者寥寥。这引起了人们对欧洲委员会6月提出的所谓的“增长契约”的质疑,特别是其中通过重新配置未使用的结构和凝聚基金以及增加欧洲投资银行(European Investment Bank)的贷款能力迅速动员1200亿欧元的政治承诺。

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

https://prosyn.org/4pH2EtEzh;
  1. mahroum18_HAIDAR HAMDANIAFP via Getty Images_iraqprotestfire Haidar Hamdani/AFP via Getty Images

    The Arab World Needs a Brexit Debate

    Sami Mahroum

    The Arab world has witnessed at least one big Brexit-like event every decade since 1948 – and these political, economic, and social ruptures never seem to heal. The impact of these self-inflicted disasters is now painfully evident, and ongoing street protests in several countries suggest that a moment of reckoning may have arrived.

    0
  2. lhatheway7_Claudio Santistebanpicture alliance via Getty Images_ECBFedLagardePowell Claudio Santisteban/picture alliance via Getty Images

    Restoring Central Banks’ Credibility

    Larry Hatheway

    The old central-bank playbook of slashing interest rates to spur consumption, investment, and employment has become less effective since the 2008 financial crisis. Yet without effective tools and the public's confidence, central banks will be unable to rise to the occasion when the next recession arrives.

    0
  3. fischer163_action press-PoolGetty Images_natoflagsoldiers Action Press-Pool/Getty Images

    The Day After NATO

    Joschka Fischer

    French President Emmanuel Macron has drawn criticism for describing NATO as brain dead and pursuing a rapprochement with Russian President Vladimir Putin. But now that a wayward America could abandon the continent at any moment, Macron's argument for European defense autonomy is difficult to refute.

    9