Brendan Smialowski/Stringer

La lucha contra la siguiente crisis financiera global

NEW HAVEN – ¿Qué es lo que las personas quieren decir cuando critican a los generales por “pelear la guerra anterior y no la actual”? No se dice esto porque, alguna vez, los generales piensen que ellos van a enfrentar los mismos sistemas de armas y los mismos campos de batalla que la vez anterior. Ciertamente, sus conocimientos no permitirían un razonamiento de este tipo. El error, en la medida en la que los generales lo cometen, debe darse en un nivel más sutil. Los generales a veces son lentos en cuanto a empezar a elaborar planes y artillería para esos nuevos sistemas de armas  y campos de batalla. Y lo que es también de igual importancia, en algunas ocasiones los generales suponen que la situación psicológica  pública, así como las narrativas que influyen el estado de ánimo que es tan importante en el logro de la victoria, son iguales a las que se tenían durante la guerra inmediatamente previa.

Esto también es cierto para los reguladores cuyo trabajo es prevenir las crisis financieras. Por las mismas razones, puede que sean lentos cuando se trata de cambiar en respuesta a las nuevas situaciones. Ellos tienden a ser lentos para adaptarse a la evolución de la situación psicológica pública. La necesidad de una regulación depende de la percepción pública de la última crisis, y, tal como George Akerlof y mi persona sostenemos en nuestro libro Animal Spirits, estas percepciones dependen en gran medida de narrativas populares cambiantes.

Los últimos informes de avance del Consejo de Estabilidad Financiera (FSB, siglas en inglés) en Basilea describen mejoras definitivas en los reglamentos financieros que refuerzan la estabilidad en 24 de las economías más grandes del mundo. Su “Tablero de instrumentos” tabula el progreso en 14 áreas regulatorias distintas. Por ejemplo, el FSB otorga altas puntuaciones a todos los 24 países en la implementación de los requerimientos de capital basados ​​en el riesgo de Basilea III.

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