Фальшивые уроки истории финансов

ТУЛУЗА. Если просто история наказывает тех, кто не сумел воспринять ее урок, то финансовая история осуществляет это наказание с садистской гримасой – она наказывает также тех, кто проявляет слишком большой энтузиазм, выучив ее уроки. Снова и снова, финансовые кризисы отражают слабость регулирующих систем, построенных на уроках, полученных от предыдущих кризисов. Сегодняшний кризис не является исключением; не будет исключением и следующий кризис.

Послевоенная система финансового регулирования была основана на трех, якобы, уроках 30-х годов. Во-первых, мы думали, что основной причиной того, почему обанкротились банки, является паника вкладчиков, мы не думали, что основной причиной паники вкладчиков стало то, что банки находятся на грани банкротства.

Как правдиво то, что вид убегающего провоцирует льва на то, чтобы он его съел, так есть и крупица правды в том, что банки банкротятся из-за паники вкладчиков. Но это лишь небольшая доля правды, правды, которой среднему незастрахованному вкладчику, подобно среднему туристу в парке аттракционов, неблагоразумно посоветуют поверить. Фактически, паника случилась по уважительной причине. Даже в 1930-е годы большинство банков обанкротилось в результате плохого управления и незаконной деятельности, что верно и для сегодняшнего дня.

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