Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

مكافحة الفقر في أمريكا

بيركلي - منذ عام 2005 إلى عام 2014، كان الدخل الحقيقي لثلثي الأسر في 25 اقتصاد متدنيا أو منخفضا. لكن بعد التدخل الحكومي القوي في مصالح الضرائب والتحويلات تمكنت بعض البلدان من الحفاظ على  رفاهية الأسر.

و تحمل هذه التجربة بعض الدروس لدول مثل الولايات المتحدة، حيث نجد أن عدم المساواة وتوزيع الدخل يؤثران إلى حد كبير في التحضير للاٍنتخابات الرئاسية والتشريعية في نوفمبر/ تشرين الثاني. ماذا يمكن للولايات المتحدة التعلم من التجارب الناجحة؟

وتعد الولايات المتحدة حالة غريبة عالميا، بحيث تُربط الكثير من شبكات الأمان الاٍجتماعي لديها بالتشغيل. وتنفق الرعاية الاٍجتماعية متوسط 23٪ من الناتج المحلي الإجمالي في أوروبا، و 16٪ فقط في الولايات المتحدة. فالولايات المتحدة تعد معزولة بشكل خاص عندما يتعلق الأمر بالأسر: ثلاثة بلدان أخرى فقط - تونغا، سورينام، وبابوا غينيا الجديدة - تفتقر إلى سياسة وطنية بشأن إجازة الأسرة المدفوعة.

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