欧洲的恐惧和仇视

    在最新的奥地利大选中,两个极右翼政党即奥地利自由党和奥地利未来运动赢得29%的选票,这是它们在2006年选举中获得总票数的两倍。这两个党派对移民、特别是穆斯林移民以及欧盟抱有相同的态度,也就是恐惧和仇视。由于两党领导人斯特拉赫和海德尔相互蔑视,因此,极右翼联合政府组阁的可能性不大。但是,奥地利是希特勒的故乡,犹太人曾经被迫用牙刷清洗维也纳的街道,随后遭到驱逐和杀戮。因此,这一选举结果令人担忧。然而,担忧程度有多大呢?

    这29%的得票率要超过欧洲其他国家民粹主义极右翼政党在其好年景中所获票数15%。自由党领导人斯特拉赫想要让政府建立一个新部门来管理遣返移民。穆斯林遭到公开的贬低。海德尔曾经称赞希特勒第三帝国的就业措施。新的右翼人物将会不可避免地带回纳粹突击队和种族法律的记忆。

    但是,把奥地利右翼的崛起看成是纳粹主义的复苏是错误的。两党没有一个主张暴力,即便它们的某些严辞或许会引发联想。极右翼的选民们也许是受到担忧和仇恨、而非意识形态的鼓动而投票。许多欧洲国家都感受到了这些担忧和仇恨,包括荷兰以及丹麦等没有纳粹传统的国家。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/o63CjM9/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now