Paul Lachine

Конгресс Фатх по статус-кво

ГЕРЦЛИЯ. Шестой конгресс Фатх, который недавно прошел в Вифлееме, стал важным событием для развития арабо-израильского конфликта, а также для палестинского движения. Однако внимательный взгляд на результаты выборов конгресса в Центральный комитет Фатх открывает картину, которая довольно сильно отличается от того, что многие могут заключить об этой встрече.

Казалось, что конгресс продемонстрировал три основных положения: движение Фатх сделало шаги в сторону мира с Израилем; оно приняло демократические процедуры; и новое поколение, или даже специфическая группа под названием «Молодая гвардия», взяла на себя лидерство. Однако такая интерпретация в основном неверна.

Что касается отношения к миру, то новый Центральный комитет занимает примерно такую же позицию, как и предыдущий комитет. Из 18 избранных членов (лидер Палестинской автономии Махмуд Аббас позже назначит еще четыре члена), действительно умеренную позицию занимают не более двух из них (Набил Шаат и Мухаммед Штайн). По крайней мере, четыре члена (Мухаммед аль-Гунейм, Салим аль-Занун, Аббас Заки или Насер Кидра) являются сторонниками жесткого подхода, а большинство остальных членов во многом придерживаются традиционной позиции Фатх.

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