Paul Lachine

Sjezd Fatáhu ve znamení statu quo

HERZLIJA – Šestý sjezd hnutí Fatáh, který se nedávno konal v Betlémě, byl významnou událostí pro budoucnost arabsko-izraelského konfliktu i pro palestinské hnutí. Pozorný pohled na výsledky sjezdových voleb do ústředního výboru Fatáhu však přináší obrázek, který se diametrálně liší od závěrů mnoha pozorovatelů o této akci.

Zdálo by se, že sjezd demonstroval tři hlavní body: Fatáh vykročil vstříc míru s Izraelem, přijal za své demokratické postupy a do vedení se dostala nová generace či dokonce jedna konkrétní skupina zvaná Mladá garda. Takový výklad je však do značné míry mylný.

Pokud jde o přístup k míru, je nový ústřední výbor zhruba stejný jako ten starý. Z 18 zvolených členů (předseda Palestinské samosprávy Mahmúd Abbás jmenuje později čtyři další) patří ke skutečně umírněným pouze dva (Nabíl Šás a Muhammad Štajíh). Přinejmenším čtyři z nich (Muhammad Ghunajm, Salím Zanún, Abbás Zakí a Násir Kidra) jsou zastánci tvrdé linie a většina ostatních v podstatě sleduje tradiční linii Fatáhu.

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