Sbohem stínovým šógunům

TOKIO – V Japonsku nanovo zažíváme déjàvu. Japonský předseda vlády Jukio Hatojama po pouhých 262 dnech od převzetí úřadu rezignoval, ačkoliv jeho Demokratická strana Japonska (DSJ) loni v září drtivě zvítězila ve volbách. Prudké změny ministerských předsedů jsou dnes v Japonsku bohužel prakticky každoroční událostí, neboť Hatojamova rezignace je v posledních čtyřech letech už čtvrtým náhlým přesunem moci na nového lídra.

Dokud byla DSJ v opozici, kritizovala Liberálně demokratickou stranu (LDS), že přeskakuje od jednoho lídra k dalšímu. Japonskou veřejnost teď vyvádí z míry, že DSJ sama dělá totéž, a lidé se začínají ptát, není-li něco shnilého v jejich politickém systému.

Klíčovou úlohu v Hatojamově zkáze sehrál jeho neobratný přístup ke klíčovým otázkám národní bezpečnosti. Podporu spojenců ze Sociálně demokratické strany (SDS) ztratil, když se po měsících váhání odhodlal respektovat dohodu se Spojenými státy, která zaručuje budoucnost letecké základně Futenma na souostroví Okinawa. Jelikož Hatojama uzavření základny slíbil v předvolební kampani a i v úřadu na její odstranění naléhal, jeho obrat přiměl socialisty k odchodu z koalice. SDS slíbila, že se základna z Japonska stáhne.

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