Adiós a la revolución neo-clásica

LONDRES – La bancarrota amenazadora de Lehman Brothers y la venta forzada de Merrill Lynch, dos de los nombres más importantes en el mundo de las finanzas, marcan el fin de una era. Pero, ¿qué vendrá a continuación?

Los ciclos de las modas económicas son tan antiguos como los ciclos comerciales y normalmente son causados por profundos disturbios comerciales. Tras los ciclos “liberales” vienen los ciclos “conservadores”, que dan lugar a nuevos ciclos liberales, y así sucesivamente.

Los ciclos liberales se caracterizan por una intervención gubernamental y los ciclos conservadores, por un repliegue gubernamental. Un ciclo liberal prolongado se extendió desde los años 1930 hasta los años 1970, seguido por un ciclo conservador de desregulación económica, que ahora parece haber seguido su curso. Con la nacionalización de dos bancos hipotecarios gigantescos de Estados Unidos, Fannie Mae y Freddie Mac, tras la nacionalización a principios de este año del británico Northern Rock, los gobiernos empezaron a intervenir para impedir colapsos en el mercado. Los días temerarios de economía conservadora terminaron –por ahora.

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