Flooded road in Asia.

Свод климатической справедливости

ИСЛАМАБАД – Горькая ирония изменения климата состоит в том, что те, кто несет меньшую ответственность за проблему, чаще всего наиболее подвержены ее разрушительному воздействию. И если какая-либо страна может утверждать, что является жертвой этой климатической несправедливости, так это Пакистан. В то время как мировые лидеры готовятся к встрече на Конференции Организации Объединенных Наций по Изменению Климата в Париже, страна изнемогает от последствий разрушительных наводнений, которые повредили здания, уничтожили урожай, смели мосты и убили 238 человек.

Такого рода трагедии, связанные с погодой, не новы для Пакистана; что их отличает, так это их частота и свирепость. Смертельные наводнения стали ежегодным явлением; в 2010 году, рекордные дожди убили около 2000 человек и изгнали из своих домов миллионы. В то время как Пакистан ведет одну из крупнейших битв против терроризма, все более жесткие погодные условия, толкают вверх цены на продукты и питьевую воду, угрожают энергопоставкам, подрывают экономику, и создают мощную и дорогостоящую угрозу безопасности.

Нет сомнений в том, что климатические беды страны вызваны, по крайней мере частично, выбросами парниковых газов, что промышленно развитые страны, выбросили в воздух с начала Промышленной Революции. Даже сегодня, Пакистан производит меньше 1%, от мировых выбросов. Между тем, Пакистан неизменно входит в число стран, которые наиболее уязвимы к вредному воздействию изменения климата, в связи с его демографией, географией и природно-климатическими условиями.

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