Flooded road in Asia.

气候正义之弧

伊斯兰堡—气候变化是一个令人痛苦的讽刺,对这个问题责任最小的人往往是受气候变化蹂躏最惨的人。而最有资格声称是气候不公平受害者的国家莫过于巴基斯坦。在全球领导人准备齐聚巴黎联合国气候变化会议之际,巴基斯坦正在大洪灾过后的一地狼藉中挣扎。洪水摧毁了房屋,毁灭了庄稼,冲垮了大桥,还夺走238人的生命。

这些与天气有关的悲剧对巴基斯坦来说绝不是什么新鲜事;不同之处在于它们的频繁度和猛烈度。致命洪水已成为一年一遇的事件;2010年,创纪录的降雨杀死了近2,000人,令数百万人失去家园。巴基斯坦是全世界反恐斗争形势最严峻的国家之一,而日益“暴力”的天气正在推高粮食和清洁水的价格,威胁能源供给,破坏经济,造成严重的、代价高昂的安全威胁。

毫无疑问,巴基斯坦气候混乱部分要归因于工业革命以来工业化国家向空气中排放的温室气体。即使在今天,巴基斯坦的排放量也不到世界总量的1%。与此同时,巴基斯坦一直是最容易受到气候变化有害影响的国家之一,这是因为它的人口、地理和自然气候条件决定的。

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