WEF in Davos Fabrice Coffrini/Getty Images

Беспроигрышная фантазия либеральной демократии

ВАШИНГТОН – Мало кто из аналитиков ожидал, что Британцы проголосуют за выход из Европейского Союза или что Американцы выберут Дональда Трампа своим следующим президентом. Тем не менее, заняло не так много времени, чтобы появились единодушные разъяснения этих просчетов. Вместе с тем, когда речь идет о таких сложных и важных событиях, мы должны остерегаться поверхностных рассуждений.

В настоящее время, в научных кругах, СМИ и бизнесе единодушно обвиняют “элиты” – в том, что они настолько погрузились в свой довольно космополитический и взаимосвязанный мир и невнимательно слушали менее образованные и взаимосвязанные группы. Поскольку последние группы являются теми, кто меньше всего воспользовался глобализацией, они, скорее всего, отказались от наднациональных институтов (в случае Brexit) или кандидатов истеблишмента (в случае Трампа). Игнорировать их, во многих отношениях, было очевидной ошибкой.

 Эта точка зрения вполне обоснована. “Групповое мышление” постоянно затрагивает сегодняшнюю финансовую и интеллектуальную элиту, включая социологов, которые часто имеют аналогичное образование, вместе работают, читают те же СМИ, и собираются на одних и тех же конференциях и мероприятиях от Давоса до Аспены.

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