Chrome skull with a cigarette.

Velký ropný a tabákový byznys, velké lži

BOSTON V posledních několika letech se stále větší počet lidí bedlivě zajímá o to, co se děje s naší planetou – rekordní sucha, stoupající hladiny moří, mohutné záplavy –, a konečně si začíná uvědomovat, že lidská činnost způsobuje rychlé klimatické změny. Ale víte co? Společnost Exxon (dnes ExxonMobil) to tušila už v roce 1978.

Počátkem 80. let už měli vědci z Exxonu mnohem víc než jen pouhé tušení. Nejenže chápali vědeckou podstatu klimatických změn, ale uvědomovali si také významný podíl jejich společnosti na procesu, který je způsobuje. A protože chápali, že jeho potenciální účinky mohou být pro značnou část populace „katastrofální“, naléhavě vyzvali nejvyšší vedení Exxonu, aby podniklo příslušné kroky. Manažeři Exxonu místo toho zametli pravdu pod koberec.

Na tomto šokujícím příběhu může být i špetka dobrého: nedávné vyšetřování, které podvod Exxonu odhalilo, by nakonec mohlo urychlit kroky potřebné k řešení rýsující se klimatické krize. Podobná odhalení o tabákovém průmyslu – o tom, co velké tabákové společnosti věděly a kdy to věděly – koneckonců proměnila krajinu veřejného zdraví.

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