Chrome skull with a cigarette.

شركات النفط والتبغ الكبرى والاكاذيب الكبرى

بوسطن- لقد ازدادتخلال السنوات القليلة الماضية اعداد الناس التي بدأت تفكر مليا بالذي يحدث على كوكب الارض – حالات الجفاف التاريخية وارتفاع مستوى سطح البحر والفيضانات الضخمة- حيث اعترفوا اخيرا بإن النشاط البشري يتسبب بتسارع التغير المناخي ولكن يبدو ان شركة اكسون (الان اكسون موبل ) كان لديها شكوك حول ذلك منذ فترة طويلة بدأت سنة 1978.

وبحلول اوائل الثمانينات كان لدى علماء اكسون ما هو اكثر بكثير من شكوك فهم لم يفهموا العلم الذي يفسر التغير المناخي فحسب ولكنهم تعرفوا كذلك على الدور الكبير الذي تلعبه الشركة في جعل تلك الظاهرة تتفاقم وبعد ان ادرك هولاء العلماء ان التأثيرات المحتملة يمكن ان تكون "كارثية" ، قاموا بحث كبار المسؤولين التنفيذيين في اكسون على التصرف ولكن بدلا من ذلك قام هولاء بدفن الحقيقة.

ربما هناك جانب ايجابي لهذه القصة التي تثير الغضب وهي ان التحقيقات الاخيرة والتي كشفت خداع اكسون يمكن ان تحفز على القيام بالعمل اللازم لمعالجة ازمة المناخ التي تلوح في الافق. ان هذا يشبه ما حصل في صناعة التبغ حيث ان ما تكشف في تلك الصناعة- ما الذي كانت تعرفه شركات التبغ الكبرى ومتى عرفته- كان بمثابة نقطة تحول في المشهد العام في مجال الصحة العامة.

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