Pius Utomi Ekpei/AFP/Getty Images

腐败如何助长气候变化

伦敦、柏林—2016年,反腐运动取得了许多关键性胜利,比如通过保证了大石油公司最复杂的交易之一的问责:2011年荷兰皇家壳牌公司和意大利最大公司埃尼集团(Eni)收购尼日利亚离岸油块OPL245。去年12月,尼日利亚经济和金融犯罪委员会起诉了与此案有关的尼日利亚人,意大利检方随后也完成了调查,负责该并购交易的高管和公司即将受审。

几个月前,2016年6月,美国证券与交易委员会(SEC)发布了一项规则,根据2010年多德-弗兰克(Dodd-Frank)法第1504条,石油、天然气和矿业公司必须逐项披露它们在所有项目上向政府支付情况。如果SEC更早一些发布这一规则,壳牌和埃尼很有可能不会继续进行OPL245交易,因为它们必须披露它们的支付情况。但来自石油业的反对推迟了这一规则,两家公司得以隐瞒它们的支付情况。

去年也是几百万年以来大气中二氧化碳第一次达到400ppm(百万分之一)。2015年12月,巴黎气候协定签署,被视为是一项重大成功。但很多签署国显然缺乏信守减排承诺的决心。要理解个中原因,只要看看我们的政府系统被既得利益的腐败影响力所侵蚀的触目惊心的情况。

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