Trump supporters Portland Press Herald

容忍民粹主义

马德里——1867年在议会登记簿上增补一百万选民的第二次改革法案通过后,英国政治家罗伯特·劳恩告诉同事“我们必须教育我们的主人。”在劳恩看来,受过教育的民众是确保英国实现参与式执政的最佳方式。

但150年过去了,那些受过自由民主教育的“主人”显然没有学到什么东西。人们可以想见,劳恩可能会对现在瞒天过海的民粹主义趋势印象深刻。

正如英国脱欧公投和唐纳德·特朗普当选美国总统所显示的那样,选民太容易被偏见和虚假的承诺所愚弄。批判性思想越来越被作为精英主义行为嗤之以鼻,而不负责任的社交媒体,“假新闻”和“另类事实”则主导着民众探讨。在无知的环境中,民粹主义政治家有意识地将那些自我感觉遭到忽视的民众当做猎物。

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