Skip to main content

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated Cookie policy, Privacy policy and Terms & Conditions

sachs315_Pablo Rojas MadariagaNurPhoto via Getty Images_chileprotestmanbulletface Pablo Rojas Madariaga/NurPhoto via Getty Images

叛乱为什么会在富裕城市发生

纽约—今年,抗议活动和骚乱在全世界三座比较富裕的城市爆发。自2018年11月法国总统伊曼纽尔·马克龙上调燃油税后不久,巴黎就一直面临着抗议和骚乱的浪潮。自今年3月香港特首林郑月娥提出一项法律允许引渡人贩到中国大陆以来,香港就一直处在动荡之中。而本月,圣地亚哥也爆发了骚乱,因为塞巴斯蒂安·皮涅拉总统下令提高地铁价格。每起抗议均有其独特的地方因素,但综合起来,它们向世人表明,当不公平感与普遍认为的低社会流动性结合在一起时会发生什么。

按照传统的人均GDP衡量标准,这三座城市均为经济成功的典范。香港的人均收入约为4万美元,巴黎超过6万美元,拉美最富裕的城市之一圣地亚哥则约为18,000美元。在世界经济论坛发布的2019年全球竞争力报告中,香港位列第三,法国位列第十五,而智利则位列第33(在拉丁美洲的排名遥遥领先)。

但尽管按照传统标准这些国家相当富裕并具有竞争力,但其民众对生活的关键领域却感到不满。 2019年世界幸福报告显示,香港、法国和智利的民众感觉他们的生活在某些重要领域停滞不前。

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

https://prosyn.org/UVzgVjjzh;
  1. pisaniferry106_Mark WilsonGetty Images_phase one agreement trump china  Mark Wilson/Getty Images

    Explaining the Triumph of Trump’s Economic Recklessness

    Jean Pisani-Ferry

    The Trump administration’s economic policy is a strange cocktail: one part populist trade protectionism and industrial interventionism; one part classic Republican tax cuts skewed to the rich and industry-friendly deregulation; and one part Keynesian fiscal and monetary stimulus. But it's the Keynesian part that delivers the kick.

    4
  2. yu49_ShengJiapengChinaNewsServiceVCGviaGettyImages_G20trumpjinpingshakehands Sheng Jiapeng/China News Service/VCG via Getty Images

    PS Say More: Keyu Jin

    Keyu Jin assesses the “phase one” US-China trade deal, questions whether the US can ever accept China’s development model, and highlights a key difference in how the Hong Kong protests are viewed inside and outside China.
    0