Vymítání posledních balkánských běsů

Příštích několik týdnů přinese rozřešení – ať už takové, či onaké – posledních územních otázek, které přetrvávají na Balkáně, kde války 90. let skončily zásahy NATO v Bosně (1995) a v Kosovu (1999).

I po příchodu míru zůstaly zásadní problémy nevyřešeny. Bosna se rozdělila na muslimsko-chorvatskou federaci a srbskou republiku, přičemž centrální vládě byly propůjčeny slabé pravomoci a bylo zapotřebí rozsáhlé mezinárodní vojenské – a později civilní – přítomnosti, aby se udržela pohromadě. Kosovo zůstalo protektorátem Organizace spojených národů, jehož „konečný status“ byl nejistý.

Tyto nevyřešené otázky se teď vracejí: bosenskosrbské vedení, pobídnuto srbskou vládou, zvažuje odtržení, ačkoliv vedení bosenských Muslimů se snaží upevnit centrální řízení. Albánské obyvatelstvo Kosova se dožaduje nezávislosti, zatímco Srbsko se snaží rozhodnutí zdržet a blokuje jednání v Radě bezpečnosti.

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