Daniel Roland/AFP/Getty Images

Еврозона всё ещё под угрозой

БРЮССЕЛЬ – Несмотря на общий экономический подъём в последнее время, еврозона остаётся хрупкой и незащищённой от риска начала нового кризиса. Главная причина этого – в её уязвимости перед ассиметричными циклами подъёмов и спадов в экономике.

Если говорить просто, в хорошие времена все страны еврозоны получают выгоду от валютного союза, но в период спада некоторые страны страдают намного сильнее, чем остальные. Это означает, что, как только разразится следующий кризис, инвесторы побегут из фискально слабых стран в фискально сильные страны с проверенной репутацией генераторов роста экономики.

При таком развороте экономических расчётов мы можем ожидать появления чувства дежа-вю. Выигрыш каждой страны будет соответствовать убытку другой,  что подорвёт сотрудничество внутри еврозоны и вызовет политическое напряжение. Последствия этого отразятся на внутренней политике всех стран, укрепляя силы, выступающие за дезинтеграцию.

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