MP Panagiotis Lafazanis and Yanis Varoufakis MP Panagiotis Lafazanis and Yanis Varoufakis/George Panagakis/ZumaPress

Una propuesta para la deuda soberana en la eurozona

ATENAS – La deuda pública de Grecia quedó postergada en la agenda de Europa. Es quizás el principal logro del gobierno griego en estos cinco meses de dura negociación con los acreedores. Tras años de extender plazos y fingir que podrían cumplirse, hoy casi todos coinciden en que la reestructuración de la deuda es esencial. Y no sólo para Grecia.

En febrero, presenté al Eurogrupo (que reúne a los ministros de finanzas de los países de la eurozona) un menú de opciones, entre ellas bonos indexados por el PIB (propuesta que hace poco recibió el apoyo de Charles Goodhart en el Financial Times), bonos a perpetuidad para saldar la deuda acumulada en los libros contables del Banco Central Europeo, etcétera. Esperemos que propuestas de este tipo ahora encuentren un terreno más fértil, antes de que Grecia se hunda más en el pozo de la insolvencia.

Pero la cuestión más interesante es el significado de todo esto para la eurozona en su conjunto. Los proféticos llamados de Joseph Stiglitz, Jeffrey Sachs y muchos otros a dar un tratamiento diferente a la cuestión de las deudas soberanas en general deben adaptarse a las características particulares de la crisis de la eurozona.

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