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欧洲的经济困境

坎布里奇—欧洲面临严重的问题。尽管经济活动最近有所活跃,但欧元区已经丧失了应对下一次衰退的能力。这是一个必然结果。

过去几年中所实现的经济改善应该归功于欧洲中央银行。在2014年怀俄明州的杰克森霍尔(Jackson Hole)央行行长年会的讲话中,欧洲央行行长德拉吉(Mario Draghi)说了三个能够改善欧洲经济表现的因素:

  • 有能力进行财政扩张的国家(德国)实施财政扩张;
  • 意大利和法国实施结构性改革;
  • 货币政策有所变化。

但德拉吉跟着预测,德国不会出现财政赤字,意大利和法国也不会实施必要的结构性改革。他下结论说,欧洲央行必须通过降息刺激增长。降息能够让欧元更有竞争力,从而增加净出口。

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