The Colosseum Rome Storm Crypt/Flickr

علامات الحياة في منطقة اليورو

نيويورك ــ تشير أحدث البيانات الاقتصادية من منطقة اليورو إلى أن التعافي ربما بات في المتناول. ولكن ما الذي يقود هذا التحسن؟ وما العقبات التي يواجهها؟ وما الذي يمكن القيام به لتعزيزه وإدامته؟

ليس من الصعب تمييز الأسباب المباشرة للتعافي. ففي العام الماضي، كانت منطقة اليورو تقف على حافة الركود المزدوج. وعندما سقط مؤخراً في فخ الانكماش الفني، ضغط البنك المركزي الأوروبي أخيراً زناد التيسير الهجومي، فأطلق العنان لمجموعة برامج التيسير الكمي (بما في ذلك المشتريات من السندات السيادية) وأسعار الفائدة الرسمية السلبية.

وكان التأثير المالي فوريا: فتحسباً للتيسير النقدي، وبعد بدايته، انخفضت قيمة اليورو بشكل حاد، وانخفضت عائدات السندات في قلب منطقة اليورو وأطرافها إلى مستويات منخفضة للغاية، وبدأت أسعار الأسهم تسجل ارتفاعات قوية. وكان هذا، جنباً إلى جنبي مع الهبوط الحاد في أسعار النفط، سبباً في تعزيز النمو الاقتصادي.

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