Penone sculpture at ECB Horacio Villalobos/Getty Images




欧洲的银行业一直以来都是整个大陆经济的核心。在法国和德国,银行资产相当于GDP的350~400%,而在美国则与GDP相当。 2008年金融危机之后,那些最弱小的欧元区银行在不良贷款的重压下迅速崩溃,进而威胁到各自所在国政府的存续。由于多个国家的债务偿付能力都遭到了质疑,以致连那些强势银行也纷纷陷入了“死亡循环”,因为他们的资产负债表也遭遇了主权债券缩水的损失。

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