European Union flag.

Проверка европейской реальности

БЕРЛИН - Еще несколько недель назад, европейцы верили, что они живут в своего рода святилище, изолированном от текущих мировых конфликтов. Конечно, новости и изображения утонувших мигрантов были ужасны; но трагедия, происходившая на юге Италии, в Греции и Мальте, казалась очень далекой.

Жестокая гражданская война в Сирии, которая бушевала в течение многих лет, казалась еще дальше. Президент Сирии Башар аль-Асад направил ядовитый газ, а позже бочковые бомбы, заполненные гвоздями и металлическими фрагментами, против мятежного населения. А те, кому удалось спастись от приспешников Асада, столкнулись лицом к лицу с террором исламского государства. Сотни тысяч были убиты, миллионы сирийцев бежали, большинство из них в течение многих лет живут в лагерях в Иордании, Ливане и Турции, в ужасных условиях и без всякой надежды на изменения к лучшему.

Таким образом, этим летом, когда исчезла последняя надежда на возвращение в Сирию, и альтернативы Асаду и Исламскому Государству больше не выглядели реалистичными, эти люди стали двигаться в Европу, которая, казалось, обещает мирное будущее, свободу и безопасность. Беженцы пришли через Турцию, Грецию и балканские страны или по Средиземному морю, чтобы избежать подобного хаоса в Эритреи, Ливии, Сомали и Судане.

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