El impotente poder de la socialdemocracia europea

A primera vista, la democracia social europea parece estar en crisis. El desplome de Gordon Brown en el Reino Unido, la brutal conmoción de la recesión económica de España, las dificultades para renovar la dirección socialista en Francia, el desplome de la coalición de centro izquierda en Italia y las graves luchas intestinas dentro del PSD alemán son, todos ellos, ejemplos de la aparente incapacidad de la socialdemocracia para aprovechar la oportunidad, que la actual crisis financiera debería brindar, de ejercer una mayor influencia.

Pero la simultánea aparición y el carácter palmario de esos problemas son menos importantes de lo que parecen. Los errores o torpezas en el gobierno no son exclusivos de la izquierda: Bélgica está paralizada por la amenaza de ruptura, Austria sigue intentando consolidar una improbable coalición conservadora, Polonia está esforzándose por lograr un equilibrio estable para sus numerosos impulsos reaccionarios y el Presidente de Francia está alcanzando niveles de impopularidad sin precedentes.

Dos factores ayudan a explicar las incertidumbres europeas actuales: en primer lugar, la crisis económica y financiera internacional, que estamos superando bastante lentamente; en segundo lugar, la forma como los medios de comunicación están presentándola. A la combinación de los dos es, a mi juicio, a la que se debe la sensación de impotencia que está afectando ahora a toda Europa y puede parecer que caracteriza a la socialdemocracia en particular.

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