El poder de una unión energética europea

DUBLÍN – Una de las máximas prioridades establecidas por el presidente de la Comisión Europea, Jean-Claude Juncker, antes de su elección el verano pasado fue la creación de una unión energética europea. Estaba en lo cierto. Si se la implementa de manera apropiada, una política energética más cohesiva podría lograr tres objetivos estratégicos simultáneamente.

Al coordinar la investigación y la inversión, fomentar la conservación e integrar los mercados de energía, una unión energética ayudaría a combatir el cambio climático, le proporcionaría a Europa el estímulo económico que tanto necesita y protegería al continente de las oscilaciones en el suministro, como las causadas por las crisis en el norte de África y Ucrania.

Por supuesto, la capacidad de acción de la Unión Europea depende de la voluntad de los estados que la conforman; y, aunque algunos líderes del continente han defendido la iniciativa, otros se han mostrado menos entusiastas. Una prueba crucial de su resolución colectiva será si están dispuestos o no a respaldar proyectos clave de infraestructura que cumplan con los tres objetivos.

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