man working on laptop tech startup Sean Gallup/Getty Images

El sorprendente éxito tecnológico de Europa

BRUSELAS – A Europa se la suele ver como una rezagada digital, muy por detrás de la vanguardia representada por Estados Unidos y Asia. Pero las apariencias engañan. En realidad, según un nuevo informe de Atomico, una empresa londinense de capitales de riesgo, las startups europeas están tomando la delantera en inteligencia artificial, creando nuevos centros tecnológicos y atrayendo inversiones de los paladines tradicionales de la industria. El año pasado, el sector tecnológico europeo obtuvo la cifra récord de 13 600 millones de dólares en inversiones, contra 2800 millones en 2011.

Quedaron atrás los días en que el sector “tecno” europeo estaba formado en su mayor parte por empresas de comercio electrónico orientadas a los consumidores (a menudo, copias flagrantes de compañías estadounidenses exitosas). Hoy, Europa es un centro de auténtica innovación pionera, impulsada por lo que Atomico denomina “tecnología profunda”: el tipo de inteligencia artificial desarrollada por DeepMind (de Google). En 2015, la tecnología profunda recabó en Europa inversiones de riesgo por 1300 millones de dólares en 82 rondas (contra los 289 millones en 55 rondas de 2011).

Los nuevos polos tecnológicos europeos surgen en lugares inesperados, muy distintos de los núcleos de actividad iniciales (como Londres, Berlín y Estocolmo). Atomico señala a París, Múnich, Zúrich y Copenhague como ciudades a las que hay que prestar atención en los próximos años. Según Atomico, la capital francesa ya comienza a rivalizar con Londres y Berlín en cuanto a cantidad y volumen de acuerdos financiados con capitales de riesgo.

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