La austeridad fiscal contra la sociedad europea

WASHINGTON, DC – En los últimos cinco años, la eurozona ha mantenido, sin el consentimiento popular expreso, una estricta orientación política sobre austeridad fiscal y reformas estructurales –a pesar de las serias repercusiones sociales, no solo en los países del mediterráneo e Irlanda, sino también en un país central de la Unión Europea, como Francia. A menos que los líderes de la eurozona reflexionen sobre su enfoque, el éxito del partido radical Syriza en Grecia en las elecciones generales llevadas a cabo recientemente podría resultar ser solo un paso adelante hacia la fragmentación social e inestabilidad política futuras en Europa. O podría marcar el inicio de una reorientación positiva y realista de la estrategia económica de Europa.

Claro, la sostenibilidad fiscal es esencial para evitar un refinanciamiento perjudicial de la deuda e inspirar confianza en los inversionistas y consumidores. Sin embargo, no se puede negar que es mucho más fácil respaldar la austeridad fiscal cuando se posee un nivel de riqueza que permite no depender de las ayudas sociales o correr el riesgo alto de desembocar en el desempleo de largo plazo. (Los ricos también siguen teniendo en gran parte control de los medios de comunicación, el discurso público y los flujos de capital transfronterizos).

Para los millones de trabajadores –y en especial los jóvenes– sin perspectivas de empleo, la sostenibilidad fiscal sencillamente no puede ser la única prioridad. Cuando se eliminan las ayudas de desempleo hay quienes resultan afectados. Y cuando los recortes al presupuesto se extienden a la educación, son los niños los que no pueden obtener los conocimientos necesarios para alcanzar su futuro potencial.

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