欧洲价值观中的欧洲统一

伴随着关于欧盟宪法的争论而来的是一场关于欧洲价值观的论战。这场辩论的重要之处在于它不仅能够赋予欧盟宪法以实质的意义,还会决定欧盟本身的活力和精神。

欧盟作为诸多伟大的宗教和哲学传统的产物,是一个价值观的共同体。古希腊人和罗马人的理念、基督教、犹太教、人道主义和启蒙运动造就了今天的欧洲。与伊斯兰和阿拉伯文化的对话也在我们 同一性 的塑造中发挥了作用。我们价值观的模式在几百年来一直演进着。

欧洲是米开朗基罗和孟德斯鸠的大陆,但同时也是断头台和毒气室的大陆。的确,第二次世界大战的痛苦经历让欧洲人认识到共同价值观的根本重要性。在饱受战争蹂躏,百废待兴的欧洲,人们渴望和平、自由、稳定和实现繁荣的新机会。

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