欧洲不均衡发展的挑战

一年前,经济发展疲软是欧元区所面临的最重要的挑战。但2006年是欧洲发展较快的一年,出口的迅猛增长出人意料地拉动了国内的需求。欧元区最发达的国家德国经历了戏剧性的转折,2006年的国内生产总值增长了2.7%,为2000年以后增长率之冠。

德国的复苏不仅促进了整个欧洲的经济增长,还打破了欧元区的增长均衡。这是因为德国比法国和意大利等其他经济大国增长更为迅速。

通过大规模改组企业部门,德国创造了这个奇迹。从2001到2005年,德国悄然发生着革命。就在观察家和评论家们喋喋不休地讨论经济发展迟缓的时候,重要但却不为人所知的变革正在幕后发生。

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