欧洲的信任赤字

伯克利—如今,关于欧洲的赤字问题以及纠正这一问题的需要已是老生常谈了。批评家们纷纷将矛头指向巨大的政府预算赤字。他们指责南欧国家长期背负着外部赤字。他们强调欧元区的制度性赤字——使用单一货币和单一央行,却没有其他货币联盟正常运转所必须的元素。

当然,所有这些批评都有自己的道理。但这些赤字都不是真正的问题所在。导致欧洲迟迟不能给这场危机画上休止符的是信任赤字。

首先,欧洲存在各国领导人与各国公众之间的信任不足。这方面最显而易见的便是前意大利总理贝卢斯科尼,幸运的是,他早已被踢出了政界。但即使是最坚强的欧洲领导人,也无不因为朝令夕改而丧失了追随者的信任。

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