Испытание Европы в Северной Африке

ЛОНДОН. Реакция Европы на исторические революции в Северной Африке колебалась между восторгом и страхом. Естественный инстинкт празднования и поддержки демократизации в Средиземноморье был омрачен опасениями, что кризис перельется на берега Европы.

Несколько лидеров призвали принять план Маршалла после второй мировой войны в качестве модели для крупномасштабной европейской помощи в развитии региона с целью обеспечения устойчивости демократических преобразований и создания долгосрочных политических и экономических выгод для Европы. Но основная реакция была гораздо более испуганной: СМИ и политики во всех странах Европейского Союза обеспокоены угрозой волны мигрантов, которые достигают их границ.

Такие угрозы не следует воспринимать легкомысленно. Споры о тунисских мигрантах в Италии уже стали расшатывать политическую основу, которая позволяет свободное перемещение в шенгенской зоне. Война в Ливии, тем временем, может привести к тому, что намного больше тысяч мирных жителей будут стараться избежать насилия и будут нуждаться в международной защите.

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