北非带给欧洲的考验

发自伦敦——欧洲对北非这场历史性变革的反应非常矛盾,自始至终都在兴奋与恐惧之间踌躇。一方面各国都本能地欢庆并支持民主在地中海沿岸推行的局面,但另一方面又被危机可能蔓延到欧洲的恐惧所困扰。

少数几位欧洲国家领导人希望能向北非提供类似二战后马歇尔计划那样的欧洲发展援助,以确保该地区民主转型过程中的稳定并为欧洲带来长期的政治和经济效益。但大多数人的反应则更偏向恐惧:欧盟各国的媒体和政治家们都忧心将会有大批难民源源不断地涌入自己的国家。

这种危胁是无法被忽略的。事实上,对意大利境内突尼斯难民问题的争议已经动摇了允许在申根条约区域内自由流动的政治基础。而与此同时,利比亚战争也产生了数以万计逃离暴力冲突并急需国际保护的难民。

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