Opožděná reforma Evropy

Válka a ohromné náklady na ni, klesající dolar, růst obchodního a rozpočtového schodku, kličky, které podemlely společnosti jako Enron a WorldCom, prasknutí bubliny špičkových technologií: kapitalismus amerického typu je jak pod tlakem, tak v nemilosti. Mnozí evropští intelektuálové na levici i na pravici se domnívají, že kapitalistická hra, jak ji hrají USA, je pasé. V pohybu je aktivní hledání nových modelů.

Ač je toto hledání rétoricky silné a poháněné vlnou antiamerikanismu, jasných fakt přináší jako šafránu. Případy korporátního porušování zákona se samozřejmě v USA vyskytují hojně. Je ovšem příliš snadné poskočit od jednotlivých firemních skandálů k širokým závěrům o domnělé prohnilosti americké ekonomiky.

Bližší pohled na růst produktivity (produkce za hodinu práce) v USA a v Evropě prokazuje, že americký kapitalismus neztratil nic ze své životaschopnosti. Jestliže od počátku 70. let narůstal průměrným ročním tempem pouhých 1,6%, během sedmi let od roku 1995 americký roční růst produktivity v nezemědělských sektorech podnikání zrychlil na průměrně 2,6%, a to bez známek zpomalení. V roce 2002 se produktivita zvýšila o 4,8% - to je pozoruhodný výsledek, protože produktivita obvykle během období ekonomického oslabování klesá.

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