Следующий шаг Европы

С тех пор как Франция и Нидерланды отклонили предлагаемый Европейским Союзом Конституционный договор, лидеры ЕС занимаются тем, что сваливают вину друг на друга или обвиняют французских и голландских граждан в непонимании того, о чём их спрашивали. Но сваливание вины друг на друга не поможет скрыть тот факт, что через 50 лет после создания европейского сообщества Европе крайне необходима новая политическая стратегия, а может быть и новый проект для укрепления своего единства.

Вообще-то, французы и голландцы действительно не ответили на тот вопрос, который им задавали. Их голосование было протестом против глобализации, отвержением современного мира с его отчуждёнными и малопонятными механизмами государственного управления. Как и движение антиглобалистов, новое движение антиевропеизма можно считать требованием установления «другого мира» – в данном случае «другого европеизма».

Две мировые войны и «холодная война» сформировали идею европейской интеграции как проект установления мира, защиты фундаментальных ценностей Запада и всеобщего экономического процветания. Но падение коммунизма в 1989 г. и представившийся шанс преодолеть исторически сложившееся разделение континента требуют сейчас разработать новое определение целей европейского проекта. Маастрихтский (1992 г.) и Амстердамский (1997 г.) договоры создали новую организационную структуру ЕС и заложили основы для политических институтов, отвечающих уровню экономического развития Европы. Ниццкий договор (2000 г.) стал результатом довольно слабого компромисса.

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