Нескончаемая Конституция Европы

29 октября лидеры Европейского Союза соберутся в Риме, чтобы подписать новое Конституционное Соглашение Союза. Несомненно, будут произнесены хвалебные речи об уникальности документа, и в этом не будет хвастовства, потому что Конституция ЕС отличается от любой другой конституции, когда-либо написанной.

Большинство конституций, включая американскую, стремятся "заморозить историю," или установить длительный институциональный порядок, который не будет поддаваться ветрам перемен. Действительно, конституция по своей природе - это попытка "приручить" историю, заставить ее подчиняться законам человека, а не собственной логике, включая нежелательные стечения обстоятельств и капризы судьбы.

В отличие от этого, Конституция ЕС написана с невысказанным пониманием того, что институты, которые она устанавливает, являются временными, что они далеко не оптимальны, и что желательно было бы изменить их прямо сейчас, если бы политическая действительность это позволяла. Но политическая действительность в сегодняшней Европе не может принять документ в том виде, в котором подписавшиеся под ним действительно хотели бы его видеть; так что конституция, которую они подписали, была разработана для того, чтобы установить процесс эволюционного сдвига, который будет мотивировать дальнейшие усовершенствования на своем пути - усовершенствования, которые, как они надеятся, однажды сотрут те самые условия, которые устанавливает сегодняшняя Конституция ЕС.

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