Dean Rohrer

Европейская муза из Италии?

РИМ. Заражение евро, запущенное кризисом в Греции, обусловленным огромным суверенным долгом, теперь перекинулось и на Италию. Правительство Сильвио Берлускони, вместе с сознательной в финансовом отношении оппозицией, смогло обеспечить – всего за пару дней – одобрение парламентом пакета мер, ценою более 50 миллиардов евро, с целью восстановления доверия рынков к основным экономическим показателям Италии.

Ввиду отсутствия полной уверенности и обязательств всех стран-участниц ЕС о том, чтобы совместно остановить заражение, другие пораженные кризисом суверенного долга страны еврозоны последовали тем же путем. Но финансист Джордж Сорос прав: Европе нужен «план Б». Масштабный кризис, бьющий по еврозоне и Европейскому Союзу, не должен пройти без пользы для них. Он должен быть использован для того, чтобы продвинуть Европу дальше по пути интеграции, чтобы Евросоюз не начал движение вспять.

Когда был создан евро, его архитекторы прекрасно осознавали, что еще ни один денежно-кредитный союз в истории не преуспел без поддержки со стороны политического союза. Тем не менее, возлагались большие надежды на существование большого общеевропейского рынка и обязательства стран-участниц еврозоны держать под контролем бюджетные дефициты, государственные долги и инфляцию. Но несколько членов еврозоны не сдержали своих обязательств, и теперь кризис их суверенных долгов ставит под угрозу существование всей еврозоны.

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