Una tormenta política se avecina en Europa

El avance de Jean-Marie Le Pen en las elecciones presidenciales francesas representa una bofetada para los principales partidos políticos de ese país y una dura advertencia sobre las desventajas de la constitución de la Quinta República Francesa. No obstante, las lecciones que se pueden desprender del caso Le Pen van más allá de las especificidades de la política francesa, porque últimamente los partidos de extrema derecha han estado avanzando en muchos países europeos, desde Austria hasta Portugal, desde Italia hasta Dinamarca.

Las preguntas que debemos hacernos son, primero, si este resurgimiento de los partidos de extrema derecha, antiinmigrantes y que propugnan la ley y el orden es parte de una crisis del modelo europeo tradicional de democracia parlamentaria; y, segundo, si es el precursor de una crisis de gran magnitud en cuanto al futuro de la Unión Europea. Yo creo que la respuesta a ambas preguntas es que sí.

A primera vista, podría parecer que la crisis en Francia será de corta duración. Todos los partidos políticos más importantes están concentrando sus fuerzas alrededor de Jacques Chirac para mantener fuera a Le Pen. En la segunda ronda de votaciones, Chirac derrotará sin duda a Le Pen, tal vez con una mayoría sin precedente.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now