Evropská posedlost konkurenceschopností

BRUSEL – Prezident Evropské centrální banky prý na každém jednání Evropské rady ukazuje graf znázorňující vývoj relativních mzdových nákladů v šestnácti členských zemích eurozóny. Tento graf odhaluje prohlubující se divergenci v posledních deseti letech, kdy země, které dnes čelí obtížím (Řecko, Portugalsko a Španělsko), ztratily oproti Německu asi 20% konkurenceschopnosti. Jinými slovy se mzdové náklady v Německu zvýšily od roku 1999 přibližně o 20% méně než v jižní Evropě.

Závěr se zdá jasný. Jihoevropští členové eurozóny musí snížit mzdové náklady, aby získali zpět konkurenceschopnost, o kterou po zavedení společné měny přišli.

Obavy z této divergence zasáhly také speciální tým vedený prezidentem Evropské unie Hermanem Van Rompuyem, který má navrhnout zásadní reformy pravidel koordinace hospodářské politiky uvnitř EU. Klíčovým návrhem vzešlým z prvního jednání týmu bylo vyvinout ukazatele konkurenceschopnosti a poté přinutit členské státy k přijetí „nápravné akce“, pokud by EU odhalila velké rozdíly.

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