欧洲的反意识形态大选

发自巴黎-刚刚落下帷幕的欧洲议会竞选活动在欧盟的27个成员国当中都有着相似的氛围,那就是选民、候选人和媒体都把主要焦点放在了各国的国内议题之上。而或许恰恰因为这样,本次选举的弃权率平均高达57%,创下了自1979年首次选举以来的新高,与此同时,整个议会被右派阵营把持的现状,也没多大变化。

在2004年的选举中,重新整合了诸多右派和中右派小党的欧洲人民党团(EPP)拿下了全部785个议员席位中的288个。虽然今年英国保守党和捷克右翼党派相约脱离EPP另组右翼色彩更浓厚的新党团参选,令EPP会员数目有所减少,不过它仍然是最强大的力量,把736个席位中的267个收入囊中,而这也为何塞·曼努埃尔·巴罗佐再次当选欧盟委员会主席铺平了道路。

这个选举结果显得相当荒谬,因为欧洲正经历着有史以来其中一次最严峻的经济危机,就业岗位流失、生活水平下降,人们对未来生活的担忧也不断增加。照理说这种情况下选民们应该用选票去惩罚在本国执政的右翼党派,然而这种威胁非但未能实现,反而在法国、意大利、波兰、丹麦以及在2004年选举中由基督教民主联盟赢得大多数议会席位的德国都显示了相反的结果。甚至在西班牙和葡萄牙这些右翼党派沦为在野党的国家,右翼的地位也有所提升。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/R3OmJBP/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.