L’ambizioso approccio europeo del “tirare avanti”

BRUXELLES – A seguito dell’intensificarsi della crisi dell’euro e delle decisioni prese all’ultimo vertice dell’UE, in particolar modo dell’impegno dei leder europei a intraprendere la strada “verso un’unione monetaria ed economica vera,”, è giunto il momento di chiedersi cosa succederà adesso. Indipendentemente dal risultato finale, l’attuale crisi delineerà infatti il futuro dell’integrazione europea.

Nello scenario peggiore, la crisi del debito sovrano potrebbe provocare un’implosione dell’eurozona con effetti negativi immediati sulla stessa UE. Fortunatamente, questo scenario continua a rimanere improbabile vista la volontà da parte dei paesi UE, sia all’interno che all’esterno dell’eurozona, di evitare un enorme collasso economico, finanziario, politico e sociale che un simile contesto implicherebbe. Tuttavia, il pericolo di una disintegrazione è aumentato nel tempo, ed oggi un simile contesto non può più essere del tutto escluso.

Allo stesso tempo, sembra improbabile che gli stati membri siano pronti e in grado di fare un salto enorme verso un’ “unione di stati dell’Europa”, ovvero un vera e propria entità federale in cui i paesi dell’UE accettino di rinunciare alla propria sovranità nazionale su una scala senza precedenti.

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