Young migrants and refugees stand at a fence of the Moria detention center ARIS MESSINIS/AFP/Getty Images

欧洲难民政策的不人道之处

马斯特里赫特—对于在希腊莱斯博斯(Lesbos)莫里亚(Moria)难民营的寻求庇护者而言,“几乎”一词成了灾难之源。他们几乎就要成功了。他们几乎就要走到残酷旅程的终点。27岁的幼女之父、来自阿富汗喀布尔的MBA毕业生阿拉什(Aarash)说,“说尽做尽,我们几乎成为人。”而欧洲也只是几乎欢迎他们。

 “几乎”给困在莱斯博斯和萨默斯(Samos)的寻求庇护者造成了不可承受的绝望,他们历尽旅程和难民营生活的创伤。据无国界医生组织(Doctors without Borders)10月份发布的报告,萨默斯近50%的难民在国境土耳其时经历了暴力,近25%在到达希腊后经历了暴力。负责莫里亚难民营脆弱性评估的官员已经不再问人们是否被强暴,而是问受到了多残忍的强暴,受到了多么频繁的强暴。

在这一背景下,毫不奇怪居民饱受心理打击。但等待接受心理治疗的名单有500多人那么长,这意味着最后几乎没有人能得到任何支持。与此同时,由希腊非盈利组织莫里亚国际紧急响应中心(Emergency Response Center International in Moria)天天都会遇到自残的情况,自杀也屡见不鲜。

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