Evropský deficit vize

Březnové oslavy 50. výročí podepsání Římských smluv přicházejí v příhodném okamžiku. Nyní je totiž vhodná doba, aby Evropská unie ukončila „období reflexe“, které si po odmítnutí evropské ústavy Francouzi a Holanďany sama naordinovala, a aby znovuzahájila unifikační proces, jenž započal před 50 lety v Římě.

Ono období reflexe totiž skutečnou reflexi naprosto postrádalo a vedoucí evropští představitelé nenabídli občanům Evropy žádnou novou, zásadní vizi. Jak by se tedy mělo dosáhnout „znovuzaložení“ (Neubegründung) Evropy, k němuž ve svém prvním parlamentním projevu o evropské politice vyzvala německá kancléřka Angela Merkelová?

Teoreticky existují tři vzájemně si konkurující a diametrálně odlišné vize budoucnosti EU. Někteří lidé stále hovoří o „státu národních států“. Tito myslitelé – kteří jsou často nepřesně označováni za „federalisty“ – odkazují na ústavu jako na nezbytný krok směrem k evropské federaci.

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