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Duplicar la eficiencia energética europea

BRUSELAS – En la conferencia COP21 llevada a cabo en París en diciembre pasado, los líderes mundiales asumieron un compromiso vinculante de fijar objetivos nacionales para la reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero; esto incluye determinar valores de referencia para la eficiencia energética. Se acerca el momento de la verdad para la Comisión Europea: ¿fijará objetivos ambiciosos, pero alcanzables, que obliguen a las personas y a la industria a hacer cambios reales? ¿O cederá a las presiones políticas y fijará objetivos insignificantes que se alcanzarían de cualquier modo sin necesidad de esfuerzos adicionales?

Lo segundo es lo que ocurrió en 2014, cuando la dirigencia europea acordó mejorar la eficiencia energética un 27% antes de 2030, decisión que fue aplaudida como ejemplo de liderazgo del Consejo Europeo. Nadie creyó oportuno mencionar que de todos modos, era probable que la eficiencia energética global aumentara alrededor de un 35% antes de 2030 sin necesidad de regulaciones.

El acuerdo de la conferencia COP21 ofrece a Europa una segunda oportunidad de dar el ejemplo y convertirse en líder global en eficiencia energética. Ambientalistas, dirigentes empresariales y académicos están a la espera de los nuevos objetivos de la Comisión Europea, que casi seguramente se fijarán en octubre, en una próxima revisión de la Directiva sobre Eficiencia Energética.

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